Rainier/Hood 2001 Trip
Big Pimpin' Super Mac Trip / Super Fly Trip / Sign Up For A Trip
This trip includes all of the aspects of the Super Fly Trip but with an extra week of climbing!!! In fact, on Friday the 13th, we'll be meeting up in Portland with the rest of the group for the Super Fly Trip. So, in addition to the itinerary of the Super Fly Trip, the Big Pimpin' Super Mac Trip will include:
Some of the youngest volcanic terrain found anywhere in the Cascade Range can be seen in the McKenzie Pass area of west-central Oregon. Above is a panorama visible from Dee Wright Observatory, a small rock tower built to provide travelers with an overlook of the numerous volcanoes and lava flows. The panorama here was shot in late Sept., 1997, and spans about 120 degrees centered roughly in a due north direction, looking subparallel to the axis of Cascade arc volcanism. The bare lava flows in the foreground issued mostly from the Belknap eruptive centers visible in the left side of the image, but lighter lavas on the far right side of the panorama descended from Yapoah cone positioned near Three Sisters volcanoes, several miles behind this view.
Nearly all the named mountains are constructive volcanic cones of various sorts, forming part of the High Cascades, a Quaternary volcanic arc. Notably, about 85% of the lavas erupted here are basalt in composition. A tectonic feature is evidenced in the morphology of Green Ridge, a north-trending normal fault escarpment 1500 ft high, that bounds the eastern side of the High Cascades.
Lavas erupted from Belknap Crater and Little Belknap Shield are likely about 1600-400(?) years old. Lavas immediately surrounding the observation point come from Yapoah cinder cone to the south. Youngest lavas in the area erupted from Collier Cone, a vent located near Yapoah. The Collier lavas have been dated at 400 years age with Carbon 14.
Smith Rock, a 641-acre park,
is located in central Oregon. The rock there is welded tuff, consolidated from
molten ash 30 million years ago. I like to describe it as tiny pebbles held
together by plaster of paris. Along the Crooked River, in the upper and lower
gorge, are basalt cliffs as well.
There are over a thousand climbs at Smith Rock, both sport and traditional, up to 600 feet high. Besides having one of the most difficult climbs in the country ('Just Do It' - 5.14c), it also hosts an array of easier and challenging climbs. For example, over 75 three and four star climbs are rated 5.10. Check the routes page for a visual parade through over 200 of Smith Rock's finest climbs.
The best times to visit the park are autumn, spring and winter. You can find yourself sweltering in 90+ degree (Fahrenheit) heat in the summer (check the weather!). The day use fee is currently $4, an annual pass is $25. There is a bivouac area just west of the main parking area (check the map!) where, for a small fee, camp sites are available within walking distance of your vehicle. The bivouac area contains picnic tables, toilets and showers. There is also camping available at Skull Hollow, otherwise known as 'The Grasslands'. Skull Hollow, located about 6 miles east of Smith Rock, is somewhat primitive (it contains only 2 pit toilets.)
The town of Terrebonne offers the Redpoint store for gear, a grocery store for supplies, Java Rock for expresso, the Sunspot and La Siesta for dining out. Redmond, 10 minutes south of Terrebonne, offers more and Bend, 30 minutes away offers still more.
When President Theodore Roosevelt signed the bill on 22 May 1902 for Crater Lake National Park to become nation's fifth oldest park, William Gladstone Steel's dream had become a reality. Steel, the father of Crater Lake National Park, had been preoccupied with Crater Lake since 1870 when he was a sixteen year old boy in Kansas. He learned of Crater Lake by reading a newspaper that was use to wrap his lunch. Two years later he moved to Oregon and in 1885 he and a druggist named John Beck joined a group headed for Crater Lake. When the two men, Steel and Beck finally spotted the lake, the water was so blue it startled them. "All ingenuity of nature seems to have been exerted to the fullest capacity to build a grand awe-inspiring temple the likes of which the world has never seen before," said Steel. His involvement with Crater Lake covered 49 years. After it was made a national park, he realized his work had just begun. Even before then, Crater Lake was the basis of much local Native American legend, as the stories of its creation have been passed down through the centuries. The lake was formed after the collapse of an ancient volcano, posthumously named Mount Mazama. This volcano violently erupted approximately 7,700 years ago. That eruption was 42 times as powerful as the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens. The basin or caldera was formed after the top 5,000 feet of the volcano collapsed. Subsequent lava flows sealed the bottom, allowing the caldera to fill with approximately 4.6 trillion gallons of water from rainfall and snow melt, to create the seventh deepest lake in the world at 1,932 feet.
Rolling mountains, volcanic peaks, and evergreen forests surround this enormous, high Cascade Range lake, recognized worldwide as a scenic wonder. On summer days, neither words or photographs can capture Crater Lake's remarkable blueness. For much of the year--usually October to July at higher elevations--a thick blanket of snow encircles the lake. Snowfall provides most of the park's annual 66 inches of precipitation.
Crater Lake rarely freezes over completely; it last did in 1949. Heat from the summer sun stored in the immense body of water retards ice formation throughout the winter. On the earth clock, natural forces only recently constructed this landscape. Lava flows first formed a high plateau base on which explosive eruptions then built the Cascade volcanoes. Humans probably witnessed the cataclysmic eruption of Mount Mazama about 7,700 years ago.
Shamans in historic time forbade most Indians to view the lake, and Indians said nothing about it to trappers and pioneers, who for 50 years did not find it. Then, in 1853, while searching for the Lost Cabin Gold Mine, some prospectors, including John Wesley Hillman, happened onto Crater Lake. Soundings with piano wire by a U.S. Geological Survey party in 1886 set the lake's depth at 1,996 feet, close to sonar findings of 1,932 feet officially recorded in 1959.
The clean, clear, cold lakewater contained no fish until they were introduced by humans from 1888 to 1941. Today, rainbow trout and kokanee salmon still survive in Crater Lake. Wildflowers bloom late and disappear early here, thriving in wet, open areas. Birds and other animals often seen are ravens, jays, nutcrackers, deer, ground squirrels and chipmunks. Present but seldom seen are elk, black bear, foxes, porcupines, pine martens, chickaree squirrels and pikas.
Facts and Figures:
Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United
The second deepest lake in the Western Hemisphere
The seventh deepest lake in the world
Water temp at warmest spot on surface: 34 degrees F
Maximum lake depth: 1932 feet
Average lake depth: 1500 feet
Maximum lake width: 6 miles
Lake surface elevation: 6176 feet
Wizard Island elevation: 6940 feet
Wizard Island height above water: 764 feet
Hillman Peak, highest point on rim: 8151 feet
Mount Scott, highest point in park: 8929 feet
Union Peak: 7709 feet
Rim Village elevation: 7100 feet
Precipitation, yearly average: 66 inches
Snowfall, yearly average: 44 feet
Maximum snow depth at Park Headquarters: 21 feet
Park Size: 183224 acres
Information was provided by the National Park Service.
This is going to be a tough one, guys. I'll have more information up soon about this climb. We actually may not be able to do it unless we cut out the Crater Lake Trip. I'll have to check into it further. I'll keep everyone posted.
Located at the northen end of the Oregon Cascades, Mt. Hood is the crown jewel of the Oregon alpine summits rising to 11,240 feet. Eleven glaciers carve their path down the steep slopes. One hour away, metropolitan Portland's skyline is dominated by Mt. Hood's presence.
The main route to Hood's summit starts at historic Timberline Lodge located at 6000 feet elevation. Climb along the ski area 900' to Silcox Hut. From there you are at the foot of the flat Palmer Glacier. Continue up following the ski lift to the top. The angle steepens and conditions frequently warrant the use of crampons above 8,500 feet. Climb toward the right hand base of Crater Rock, where you will find Devils Kitchen, a steaming body of fumeroles which often protrudes from the snow as a volcanic dome.
The angle now grows even steeper as you ascend to the Hog Back, a high snow ridge that has migrated back and forth across the face of the mountain through recorded history. At approximately 10,800 feet you come to the Bergschrund, the huge crevase which pulls away from the steep crater head wall as the season progresses. Pass the Bergschrund on the left or right depending on the conditions, and start up the very steepest part of the entire climb. Most climbing parties will want to be roped up during this part of the climb. A fall would almost certainly end in the deep crevase of the the Bergschrund or a hazardous uncontrolled fall to the area of the Devils Kitchen or the Hot Rocks.
At 10,900 feet you pass upward through a
steep gully frequently totally encrusted in rime ice. Above you find the
Pearly Gates, which are several rock up thrusts that are normally totally
encrusted with wind sculpted columns of crusted rime ice. Just another few
hundred feet brings you to the summit ridge at 11,240 feet. Approach the east
edge of the summit cautiously. since it is a tremendous snow cornice with a
verticle fall off of a thousand feet or more. To the north you can see Mt.
Adams, St. Helens and even Mt. Ranier. To the south lie Mt. Jefferson and the
Three Sisters. This is one of the best views of the Cascades
We'll be coming down the mountain on the 16th and driving to Rainier where we'll camp for the night somewhere near the Wonderland Trail.
Towering above the skyline of metropolitan Seattle, mystical Mt. Rainier's presence can never be missed. Being this close to a major population center brings many people to the mountain, but this heavily glaciated peak should be left for those experienced in technical mountaineering. With elevations to 14,410 feet and positioned in the turbulent weather streams of the pacific northwest, the quickly changing weather conditions on Rainier pose serious objective hazards that require full climbing gear and the experience to use it. When temperatures are a comfortable 68 degrees in Seattle, the air temperature at the summit may be 20 degrees.
The trad route most commonly followed on Rainier leads up from Paradise Campground up the Skyline Trail to Camp Muir at 10,000 feet. This part of the climb brings climbers to a point from which summit bids can be launched in the early pre-dawn hours. Sometimes crowded, well conditioned groups may opt to climb another thousand feet to Ingraham Flats to establish their base camp. This first day's climb may require four to eight hours depending on conditions.
From Camp Muir the route traverses upward across the Cowlitz glacier and then ascends though Cathedral Gap and onto Ingraham glacier. Climbing to about 11,000 feet the route leaves the glacier at the base of Disappointment Cleaver, a prominent ridge of rock that separates the Ingraham and Emmons glaciers. Gain the top of the cleaver crest snow field at 12,300 feet, and from there continue up toward the East crater rim while negotiating various crevasses. You must cross the East crater to the western rim to reach the true summit at Columbia Crest. The summit route from Camp Muir can require over eight hours of climbing.
Mt. Rainier is used by expert
mountaineers as a training ground for expeditions to many of the world's
highest summits. However, guided climbs are available to climbers who are new
to the mountain or who's skills may not be quite ready to lead a climb on
Washington's most formidable volcanic peak.
If you have any questions or want to suggest some itinerary changes, please feel free to email me.
Big Pimpin' Super Mac Trip / Back To Top / Super Fly Trip / Sign Up For A Trip